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       TARGET VILLAGES
The target area is 54 villages situated in 4 Revenue Mandals of Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Names Of Villages
BANDAR MANDAL MOVVA MANDAL CHALLAPALLI MANDAL PEDANA MANDAL KADURU MANDAL
KonaMallampalliChallapalliPosinavaripalemSalempalem
RayavaramNarasampalemNadellavaripalemSuryaraopetaPuligadda
SaradanagaramKuchipudiKokkiligaddaBuddala PalemModhumoodi
MachilipatnamPedhapudiKottapalemBiragipalemUllipalem
SrinivasanagarKumpativani gudemMekavaripalemPillangivanipalemRamachandrapuram
   Golla GudemKoduru
   AmbedkarColonyNaidupet
   GundalaMalapalliMundhadugu
   TotamulaVetapalem
   KattalapalliPittalanka
   EastTelugupalemPindivaripalem
   Singaraya palemNakkavanidari
    Namgegadda
    Lingareddypalem
    Ullipalem
    Jayapuram
    Haripuram
    Simhachalam
    Rudravaram
    Swathantrapuram
    Ramakotipuram
    Palakayathippa
    Koduru Thurpu
Target Group
  • Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
  • Backward classes.
  • Artisans.
  • Agricultural labourers.
  • Small and Marginal Farmers.
  • Vulnerable categories of society.
  • Women.
  • Children.
  • Families affected by HIV/AIDS.
TARGET GROUP'S BACKGROUND :
India has made a lot of progress in agriculture since Independence in terms of growth in output, yields and area under many crops. Today India is the largest producer of milk, fruits, cashew nuts, coconuts and tea in the world, the second largest producer of wheat, vegetables, sugar and fish and the third largest producer of tobacco and rice.

In this overall scenario of the nation as a whole, Andhra Pradesh is mainly dependent on agriculture and allied industries as it has majority of rural population.

Andhra Pradesh has a rural population of 55,401,067 (72.69%) out of the total population of 76,210,000 (as per 2001 census). There are 7,859,534 (22.52%) cultivators (the majority of them have less than 2.5 acres, i.e. 1 hectare) and 13,832,152 (39.64%) agricultural labourers. The majority of the working group of 62.16% are engaged in the agriculture and allied industries. Because of severe droughts, frequent cyclones heavy rains in coastal Andhra and fire accidents caused by high temperature in upland regions, farming communities and agricultural labourers have become the main victims, have suffered very badly and have faced a lot of difficulties. Frequently agricultural labourers have lost their employment while farmers are not able to provide single meal to their families.

Andhra Pradesh is the most Disaster prone area in terms of drought, floods, cyclones, and fire. It is the fifth largest state in India, in terms of both population and area. Spread over 2.75 lakh sq km, it comprises 8.4 per cent of the country's total geographic area. It has a long coastline stretching approximately 1,030 km, and an equally long history of cyclones. It is battered by at least one cyclone per year. Cyclones and floods normally affect the coastline districts, whereas the western and northern parts of Andhra Pradesh often experience severe drought conditions
KRISHNA DISTRICT PROFILE
The Krishna District with its District headquarters at Machilipatnam is the coastal district of the Andhra Pradesh. It was formerly called as Machilipatnam District.

Later it was renamed as Krishna District after the river Krishna, by adding certain Taluks of the abolished Guntur District in 1859. Again, in 1925, Krishna District was further divided in to Krishna and west Godavari Districts. Further, there are no changes in its jurisdiction except some minor changes. The District is divided into 52 Mandals covering four revenue divisions. The population of the district is 36,98,833 comprising of 976 inhabited and 36 uninhabited villages. It takes third rank in population and density (424 Sq.km). There are five Municipalities. The literacy rate is 45.03% at the 1991 census.
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